There are numerous programming languages and same applies to hacking but some important programming languages that preferred by hackers. And hackers preferred these languages are some reasons :
=> These languages are platform independent. That is, the program developed using the programming language can run on any computer system.
=> Programs written in a language are translated into machine code efficiently,are executed and require relatively less space in memory.
=> Add low-level modules to the language interpreter. These modules enable hackers to add to or customize their tools to be more efficient.
=> Provides a lot of inbuilt functions that makes the development fast.
And many more. These Programming languages are divided into three section : Web Hacking , Exploit Writing and Reverse Engineering.
Web Hacking and Penetration Testing
For know about : What is Penetration testing? Why it is required?
HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language. HTML is the standard markup language for creating Web pages. One should learn it very well able to understand web actions, response, logic etc.
PHP stands for Hypertext Preprocessor. The PHP is a programming language that allows web developers to create dynamic content that interacts with databases. PHP is a server side scripting language that is embedded in HTML. PHP is considered one of the most essential language for hackers because it controls everything on site and server. It is highly recommended beginner hackers for both hacking as well penetration testing.
SQL stands for Structured Query Language. It is a database computer language designed for the retrieval and management of data in a relational database. It is behind for managing sensitive information like user credentials, bank details, user details etc. To steal the sensitive details, hackers eyes to attack SQL of a website.
After web hacking, another most important part of exploit writing. Exploit writing is advance part of Hacking. It required higher level of programming language. Every Professional hacker know the exploit writing because it is a most important part of hacking. You can crack a particular software by writing a exploit. It can be done different languages such as C, C++, Python, Ruby , Perl etc.
Python is a general-purpose interpreted, interactive, object-oriented, and high-level programming language. Python is processed at runtime by the interpreter. It is server-side scripting language. It is most used language for exploit writing. Hacker should know Python as it is responsible for creating exploits and tools.
Ruby is a pure object-oriented programming language. Ruby is a server-side scripting language similar to Python. It is very much scalable and big programs written in Ruby are easily maintainable. Ruby is really useful when it comes to exploit writing. The most famous hacker tool, Metasploit framework is programmed in Ruby.
Reverse engineering is also called back engineering. It is the processes of extracting knowledge or design information from anything man-made and reproducing it or reproducing anything based on the extracted information. It uses Assembly language, and if you want to learn Reverse Engineering, you must need to learn Assembly language.
” In last one thing you need to remember, programming languages for hacking also depends upon what kind of thing you want to hack. For example : if a website/application coded in ASP.NET then you can’t hack it using PHP or other language knowledge. So, always make sure what you want to hack and in which language that website/application is coded.”
Finally one more thing, programming languages for hacking also depends upon what program you want to hack, for example; if a web-app in coded in ASP.NET then you can’t hack it using PHP knowledge, although you can understand logic but it will be harder, so always make sure what you wanna hack and in which programming the app is coded.