>> Penetration Testing is also called Pen Testing. It is a type of security testing that is used to find vulnerabilities of an application that an attacker could exploit.
>> It is conducted to find the security risk which might be present in the system. Security risk is normally an unwanted or accidental error that occurs while developing and implementing the software.
>> A penetration testing target may be a white box or black box.
>> A penetration test can help determine whether a system is vulnerable to attack, if the defenses were sufficient, and which defenses (if any) the test defeated.
>> The main objective of penetration testing is to determine security weaknesses.
>> A penetration testing is done by professional ethical hackers for discovering and documenting all the security holes that can be found in a systems or networks. White hat hackers done this for organizations.
>> Penetration tests are sometimes called white hat attacks.
>> It is conducted by professional ethical hackers who mainly use commercial, open-source tools, automate tools and manual checks.
Why is Penetration Testing Required?
Penetration Testing is required because :
>> A Penetration testing helps you to find vulnerabilities and fix them before an black hat hacker or attacker does.
>> It supports to avoid black hat attack and protects the original data.
>> To discover new bugs in existing software.
>> It will help reveal problems that you didn’t know existed.
>> Finding out where data security needs to be bolstered is incredibly useful for quickly eliminating high-risk areas where breaches can occur.
>> To ensure controls have been implemented and are effective.
>> For most organizations, though, a penetration test that validates a wide range of security tools and policies is where the real value of the practice is discovered.
>> Penetration Testing estimates the magnitude of the attack on potential business.
>> To test applications that are often the avenues of attack.
>> To determine the weakness in the infrastructure (hardware), application (software) and people in order to develop controls.
>> Testing the ability of network defenders to successfully detect and respond to the attacks.