Hello Hackers. This is my first post about Kali Linux and today in this post i am going to tell you about What is Kali Linux and why is so important for hackers? Previously i write post about the Tor if you don't know about the tor then you can also check that post. In which i write about the What is Tor and How does Tor works? Tor is also important for hackers specially for newbie hackers.
Read Also : What is tor ? How does Tor works ?
Kali Linux or simply Kali is the Open Source Operating System designed for digital forensics and penetration testing. Kali is Debian-derived Linux Distribution from Offensive Security. It is the successor to the BackTrack Linux Distribution. Kali is used for the purpose of penetration testing. Penetration Testing is also called Pen Testing. It is a type of security testing that is used to find vulnerabilities of an application that an attacker could exploit. A penetration test can help determine whether a system is vulnerable to attack, if the defenses were sufficient, and which defenses (if any) the test defeated.
The main objective of penetration testing is to determine security weaknesses.Penetration tests are sometimes called white hat attacks. You can learn more about penetration and it's requirement to going below link :
Kali Linux has over 600 preinstalled penetration-testing programs, including :
- Armitage (a graphical cyber attack management tool)
- Nmap (a port scanner)
- Metasploit framework
- Social engineering tools
- Wireshark (a packet analyzer)
- John the Ripper password cracker
- Cisco Global Exploiter, a hacking tool used to find and exploit vulnerabilities in Cisco Network systems
- Aircrack-ng (a software suite for penetration-testing wireless LANs)
- Burp suite
- OWASP ZAP web application security scanners
Kali is distributed in 64-bit and 32-bit image for use on hosts based on the x86 instruction set. It's also extension-less which means doesn't care about extensions like Windows. That's means if you change the extension of image file to text file then it's effect in windows but in Kali no matter because i' check contents of inside the file not extensions.
Supports Platform: Kali Linux is already available for Odroid XU, Samsung Chromebook, HP Chromebook, Galaxy Note 10.1, CubieBoard 2, CuBox, CuBox-i, BeagleBone Black, Raspberry Pi, EfikaMX, Odroid U2, Odroid XU3, Utilite Pro and SS808.
With the arrival of Kali NetHunter, Kali Linux is also officially available on smartphones such as the Nexus 10, Nexus 9, Nexus 7, Nexus 6, Nexus 5, some Samsung Galaxy models and OnePlus One.
Some important things about Kali Linux :
- More than 600 penetration testing tools.
- Free (as in beer) and always will be.
- Open source Git tree.
- FHS (Filesystem Hierarchy Standard) compliant.
- Wide-ranging wireless device support.
- Custom kernel, patched for injection.
- Developed in a secure environment.
- GPG signed packages and repositories.
- Multi-language support.
- Completely customizable.
- ARMEL and ARMHF support.
Why is so important for hackers?
The main reason that it is so important for hackers is that. It's provide many different types of tools for different types of works and also secure os for hackers. For example, we want to crack any password for that Kali Linux provide seperate tools that helps to break or crack password. Same if we want to hack any website then for this purpose provide another type of tools. We can also able to hide our activities that for security purpose. With the help of these tools we can able to hack or crack easily.
Kali Linux is open source that means we can also able to change the tools according to need or requirement. If we have the knowledge about that language in which tool is developed. Either we can create our own tools with the reference of other tools if we don't have the knowledge about that language in which tool is created. For perfect hacking strongly recommended that you must have good knowledge about programming many of reasons for this.
For example, As i said before if we have knowledge about programming knowledge then we can able to create own tools with the reference of other. It's not much important that you must have know about that language in which that tool is created. But you must have knowledge about what is programming & how it's worked and perfect knowledge about languages which you learned. So, Learn number of programming languages less but whatever you learn is perfect.
We also able to combine two or more tools that relate to each other.For example, Fluxion tool that is a combine version of more than one tool. Like fluxion tool you can also able to create your own tool for time saving.