In this article i will going to tell you about the five famous hacking tools that are used by hackers. These tools hackers most in hacking and cybersecurity professionals used in penetration testing. It should be must for beginner hackers knowing these tools because they are much used in hacking for different purposes. Following are the list and brief explaination of every tool :-
Nmap stans for Network Mapper. It is a free and open source tool that is widely used by network administrators for network discovery and security auditing. It useful for tasks such as network inventory, managing service upgrade schedules and monitoring host or service up time.
It was originally designed to scan large networks, but it can work equally well for single hosts. Nmap features include host discover, port scanning, version detection, operating system detection and scriptable interaction with the target. Nmap can provide further information on targets, including reverse DNS names, device types, and MAC addresses.
Metasploit is one of the most powerful exploit tool for exploiting vulnerabilites (weak points) on Network. It is a hugely popular penetration testing or hacking tool that is used by hackers(whether they are white hat or black hat) and cybersecurity professionals.
Metasploit runs on Unix (including Linux and Mac OS X) and on Windows. The Metasploit Framework can be extended to use add-ons in multiple languages.
Some information are required about the target system such as OS verson and installed network services, to choose an exploit and payload.This information can be gleaned with port scanning and Operating system fingerprinting tools such as Nmap.
Cain and Abel
Cain and Abel is a password recovery and hacking tool for Microsoft Windows. It helps to recover various kind of passwords using different methods.
Following are the methods to recover password :
- recording VoIP conversations
- revealing password boxes
- recovering wireless network
- sniffing the network
- decoding scrambled passwords
- cracking encrypted passwords using Dictionary, Brute-force and Crytanalysis attacks
- uncovering cached passwords and analyzing routing protocols
- ARP spoofing
- Calculating hashes
Angry IP Scanner
Angry IP Scanner is also known as “ipscan”. It is a lightweight, open source and cross platform hacking tool. Hacker can track victim and snoop for their data using their IP Address. This tool is originally designed to scan IP addresses and ports to find open doors and ports.
It can scan IP addresses in any range and freely copied & used anywhere. It is one of the efficient hacking tool that is available in the market. It simply pings IP Address to check it’s alive or not and then. It resolves its hostname , determines the MAC address, scan ports etc. It can gather any information about scanned IP Address.
John the Ripper
John the Ripper is a famous password cracking pentesting tool. It combines a number of password crackers into one package, auto detects passwords hash types and includes a customizable cracker. It is most commonly used to perform dictionary attack, where matched against an encrpyted string with different combinations of the words in a dictionary to find a hit.
It can be work on various encrypted password formats such as several crypt password hash types ( like DES, MD5, Blowfish), Windows NT/2000/XP/2003 LM hash and Kerberos AFS.